This week, Jewish communities will celebrate Simchat Torah (Joy of Torah) all over the world the Torah scrolls will be rolled back from the last reading of Deuteronomy to Genesis and the Torah cycle of readings will begin again with the first portion of Genesis. There is always a time of great rejoicing and dancing during this special service as we remember that Torah is never ending. The Word, as it says in Psalms 119:89, Forever, Adonai, Your word stands firm in the heavens.
And also in 1 Peter 1:23-25,
You have been born again—not from perishable seed but imperishable—through the living and enduring word of God. For, “All humanity is like grass, And all its glory like a wildflower. The grass withers, and the flower falls off, But the word of the Lord endures forever.” And this is the word that was proclaimed as Good News to you.
So we are not actually starting over again, but circling back to the beginning in one continuous journey through the never-ending Torah. It is this continuous circling of Torah and time that allows us to see the recurring themes of Scripture, which are often referred to as types and shadows. These events help us to understand the concept spoken of in Isaiah 28:10,
For it must be ‘precept upon precept, precept upon precept, line upon line, line upon line, here a little, there a little.’
In order for us to understand the writings of the New Testament authors, we must have some understanding of the previous writings of the Scriptures. It is only by reading the Scripture in the circular way of the never-ending that we can get glimpses of the perfect intentionality of G-D’s Word, which is only complete and understood when we realize every word is interconnected and interdependent.
One example of the interconnecting of Scripture is found hidden in plain sight within the second chapter of the Bible. Inside these very familiar words expressing the history of creation we read Genesis 2:19,
Adonai Elohim had formed from the ground every animal of the field and every flying creature of the sky, so He brought them to the man to see what he would call them. Whatever the man called them—each living creature—that was its name.
While almost every believer knows that Adam was given the task of naming all living creatures, most do not read this verse as prophetic, nor do they see within these words the start of a promise fulfilled through Yeshua (Jesus) in reference to the redemption of mankind.
You may ask, “How is the naming of creation prophetic?”
In order to see how the idea of Adam giving names is fulfilled, let’s start with 1 Corinthians 15:45-49:
So also it is written, “The first man, Adam, became a living soul.” The last Adam became a life-giving spirit. However, the spiritual is not first, but the natural; then the spiritual. The first man is of the earth, made of dust; the second man is from heaven. Like the one made of dust, so also are those made of dust; and like the heavenly, so also are those who are heavenly. And just as we have borne the image of the one made from dust, so also shall we bear the image of the One from heaven.
Notice that in these verses, we see Yeshua being referred to as the last Adam who became life-giving. As a part of His role as the last Adam, according to Scripture in Revelation 2:17, Yeshua would give a new name.
He who has an ear, let him hear what the Ruach is saying to Messiah’s communities. To the one who overcomes I will give some of the hidden manna , and I will give him a white stone—and written on the stone a new name that no one knows except the one who receives it.”
So, we see Adam named all creation and now we read that Yeshua would give those who overcome a new name. But the prophesies don’t end there. In Isaiah 56:5, we find,
I will give to them in My House and within My walls a memorial and a name better than sons and daughters. I will give them an everlasting name that will not be cut off.
and in Isaiah 62:15,
Nations will see your righteousness, and all kings your glory. You will be called by a new name, which Adonai’s mouth will bestow.
and also Isaiah 65:15,
You will leave your name behind as a curse for My chosen ones, and Adonai Elohim will slay you. But He will call His servants by another name.
So, we see that Adam named all creation and we see that the second Adam, Yeshua, would give believers a new name. How can this happen? The answer is found in 2 Corinthians 5:17,
Therefore if anyone is in Messiah, he is a new creation. The old things have passed away; behold, all things have become new.
So, you see that the first Adam gave a name to all created beings and we see it was prophesied that a new name would be given to the chosen ones by G-D. We also see that in order for a new name to be given to mankind, he would have to become a new creation so the second Adam could give him a new name. In other words, in order to receive a new name, one must become born anew.